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Age, Individual Resources, and Perceived Expectations for Active Aging: General and Domain-Specific Effects.

Authors
  • Pavlova, Maria K1
  • Radoš, Sonja1
  • Rothermund, Klaus2
  • Silbereisen, Rainer K2
  • 1 University of Vechta, Vechta, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 2 Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Jena, Germany. , (Germany)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International journal of aging & human development
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2023
Volume
97
Issue
3
Pages
267–288
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/00914150221112294
PMID: 35791630
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Exposure to expectations for active aging may be modulated by age and individual resources (socioeconomic status, social integration, and health) via multiple pathways. Using a cross-sectional, nationally representative sample of adults aged 17 to 94 (N = 2,007), we investigated the relations between age, individual resources, and perceived expectations for active aging (PEAA) in three domains (physical health, mental health, and social engagement). Across domains, young adults and individuals aged 70+ reported slightly lower PEAA than emerging adults did; no other age differences emerged. Multiple regression showed that a higher subjective socioeconomic status, better perceived general health, and partnership (in older adults) predicted higher PEAA (almost) across domains, whereas church attendance, employment status, and occupational prestige yielded domain- and age-specific effects, which were not always positive. We conclude that the effects of individual resources on PEAA are limited in general but vary depending on life domain and age.

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