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Age categories differences in subjective quality of life of women with physical disabilities

Authors
  • Nemček, Dagmar1
  • Baňárová, Patrícia Shtin2
  • Kurková, Petra3
  • 1 Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Department of Sport Sciences in Educology and Humanities, Nábr. Arm. Gen. Svobodu 9, 814 69 , (Slovakia)
  • 2 Alexander Dubček University of Trenčín, Faculty of Healthcare, Department of Physiotherapy, Študentská 2, 911 50 , (Slovakia)
  • 3 Palacký University Olomouc, Faculty of Education, Department of Anthropology and Health Education, Žižkovo nám. 5, 779 00 , (Czechia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Slovenian Journal of Public Health
Publisher
Sciendo
Publication Date
Mar 15, 2021
Volume
60
Issue
2
Pages
124–130
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2478/sjph-2021-0018
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Objective The objective of the study was to analyse and compare the subjective quality of life (S-QoL) of women with physical disabilities (PDs) through satisfaction with the quality of life domains and the overall quality of life assessment. Methods The sample comprised of women with PDs (n=137), divided into 4 age categories: 19-29 yrs. (n=53); 30-44 yrs. (n=25); 45-59 yrs. (n=24) and over 60 yrs. (n=35). The Subjective Quality of Life Analyses questionnaire and the WHO User Manual were used as a primary research method. The Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test was used to assess the differences between QoLDs, Kruskal Wallis test to assess differences in S-QoL among four independent groups and Mann Whitney U-test between two age categories. Results The highest satisfaction in all age categories of women was found in the social relations domain, and in the 19-29 yr-old women equally in the social relations and physical health domains. The highest dissatisfaction was reported with the psychological health and environment domains. The key finding is that the main differences are between the youngest category (aged 19-29 yrs) and the three older categories with regard to physical health, environment and overall QoL. Conclusions It is necessary to continue this line of research with a greater focus on exploring the ways in which the psychological health domain can be improved as an integral part of S-QoL, and to also focus on the QoL indicators that make up the environment domain and search for ways to enhance these.

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