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Age and aerobic power: the rate of change in men and women.

Authors
  • Buskirk, E R
  • Hodgson, J L
Type
Published Article
Journal
Federation proceedings
Publication Date
Apr 01, 1987
Volume
46
Issue
5
Pages
1824–1829
Identifiers
PMID: 3493922
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The historic studies by Robinson and Astrand as well as more recent studies present a fairly uniform rate of decline in VO2max with age at 0.40-0.50 ml X kg-1 X min-1 X year-1 in men. In women the rate of decline appears to be less--approximately 0.20-0.35 ml X kg-1 X min-1 X year-1, at least in cross-sectional studies. Further, there is no clear distinction in the rate of change in VO2max when comparing active and inactive populations. Longitudinal studies varying from 2.5 to 21 to 56 years present a confounding picture. The rate of decline in VO2max varies from 0.04 to 1.43 ml X kg-1 X min-1 X year-1. There is some indication that active individuals decline at a slower rate than inactive persons but the results are not uniform. A possible explanation is that changes in VO2max over the entire age range may be curvilinear, with active individuals declining slowly as long as they maintain a regular exercise program, and sedentary individuals declining at a rapid rate during their 20's and 30's followed by a slower rate of decline of their VO2max as they age further.

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