At the First AID World Population Conference the 240 delegates expressed special concern over the rapid population growth of Africa. e to 402 million people by the year 2000. onally assumed Africa needs more people, not fewer, to develop the vast acres of uncultivated soil. me and the drought in the Sahelian countries, however, are changing these attitudes. the land see little reason for smaller families. convinced that family planning will reduce unemployment, improve maternal and child health, and improve the status of women. A gradual approach is recommended. government efforts in Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Kenya, Mauritius, Ghana, Liberia, Zaire, and Botswana and the low-key efforts in Togo, Gabon, and Niger.