The author investigates the future of European Union in the light of its political deficits, using as his starting point the works by Habermas and Derrida who offer a more optimistic view. The author is extremely skeptical of the cosmopolitan solutions for the European Union. He claims that the proposed European Constitution does not resolve the burning issue: is Europe now a state? The European Union to a large extent does not possess political identity but is a creation of its elites. Hence the idea of the EU as a cosmopolis is wrong since it obscures serious problems this entity is already confronted with.