This paper presents a preliminary orofacial analysis of a subadult population of Hvar, a Croatian island in the Adriatic. Its population represents one of the last genetic isolates in Europe and has therefore been the object of intensive crossdisciplinary research over the last 30 years.We focussed on the coefficient of endogamy on the one hand and malocclusal-related caries on the other hand, and expected differences in the latter between subgroups of the population. We analyzed 224 dental casts from children all over the island and found multiple caries in approximal surfaces in 55 percent of the children, but no significant differences between the subpopulations. Instead, significantly more caries affection was found in the boys than in the girls. The percentage of general caries affection is fairly high, even when compared to other isolated populations; it may be due to environmental influence. This would be consistent with the other results, which have putatively been caused by complex environmental influences and not solely by genetic components.