Summary In this review we examine the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric liver tumors- both malignant and benign. The two most common malignant tumors are hepatoblastoma and hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatoblastoma is seen in younger children, hepatocellular carcinoma in older children. Other malignant liver tumors are quite rare and include biliary rhabdomyosarcoma, angiosarcoma, rhabdoid tumor, and undifferentiated sarcoma. The commonly seen benign liver tumors in children are infantile hemangioma, mesenchymal hamartoma, and focal nodular hyperplasia. Rare benign tumors are hepatic adenoma, which is occasionally seen in teenage girls, and teratoma which is a very rare liver tumor in infants.