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Tall Buildings of Ancient China: a Case Study

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Abstract

"Tall buildings of ancient China were built as early as three thousand yearsago. They and their own structural systems and architectural forms out-standing in the world.1. Philosophy Thought-- Taked a proiecting position to show one's power and influent.-- As possible as to near the sky where Gods lived in their mind.-- Put themselfes at a high seat to get a far distance view and abroad. mind for think and writing.-- Spied on the secret of to space such as the sun, the noon and thestars.2. Functional--Defence works of a city.--The ceremony place for feudal nobles or slave owners.--Landmarks of a place.--The focus or the crown in gardening.--The public space near a scenic spot. --Used for religious purpose.3. Achievements-- The height of itself.--The fine shape and the beautiful colour of wood constructions.--Free spacing in the interior of tall buildings.--The use of frame and pile structures. --Glazed tiles and bricks was used earlier.4. Formations--The platform was the oldest form of tall buildings of ancientChina. It was formed of a high pedestal and upper building whichwere inseparable.--The storied building was developed from the platform, with itsheigh much greater than its width. Its outline was tortuous andits floors were layer upon layer. --The pavilion was another kind of storied buildings. It was openerthan the former and was used for collecting and storing books andart treasures or for overlooking the scenery.--The chinese pagoda which was originally introduced from India, hadits own characteristics. It could be used for military purposes andfor overlooking the scenery as well as in religious.--Some ancient tall buildings of minority nationalities had importantpositions in Chinese architecture. A large religious Building oftenstood by a Mountain, "blind windows" being built on the retainingwalls In order to exaggerate the number of stories, such as thepotala palace In Tibet, which looked thirteen stories in outwardappearance, But actually it had only nine.Is it necessary to learn the history and culture in spatial planning and de-sign of the Third world today? Why and how?"

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