The imposition of the sacerdotal vocation This study concerns the rural Vendée, a particularly catholic region in the west of France. The analysis of the process by which the church still manages to insure its social reproduction reveals the selectioning of children who "hear the calling" of the priesthood and the engendering of the sacerdotal vocation amongst these children. This study also reveals some of the more dissembled mechanisms of producing and reinforcing religious beliefs at the individual and the group level. To identify and mark amongst other children those who appear susceptible to becoming priest, the recruitment specialists utilize such criteria as the economic situation of the family, etc. Even if the vocation is objectively the product of certain social pressures, this choice can only be made when the group and the individual affirm that it is a "free choice".To be efficacious, the work of engendering the vocation should produce the very conditions necessary for its dissimulation.