Between January 1988 and December 1989 Aeromonas species were isolated from 45 (1.8%) of 2,480 patients with acute gastroenteritis. No other bacterial enteric pathogens were found in any of these 45 patients. Of the 45 Aeromonas isolates, 35 strains (77.8%) were Aeromonas hydrophila, 7 (15.5%) were Aeromonas sobria, and 3 (6.7%) were Aeromonas caviae. Most of the patients were under 5 years of age. No bacterial enteric pathogens, including Aeromonas species, were isolated from 512 age- and sex-matched control subjects. Examination of the Aeromonas isolates for exotoxin production (enterotoxin and hemolysin) indicated that all strains, irrespective of species, were enterotoxin positive (rabbit ileal loop model) and hemolysin positive (rabbit erythrocyte model). These results suggest that Aeromonas species are potential enteric pathogens in our geographical region.