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RYDBERG SERIES IN SMALL MOLECULES

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  • Physics

Abstract

A qualitative discussion of the Rydberg series of a diatomic molecule, consisting of atoms such as C, N, O, shows that the quantum defect is approximately independent of the nature of the molecule, and depends only on the type of the Rydberg orbital. It is shown that the orbitals $np\sigma$ and $np\pi$ probably have different quantum defects and that $nd\sigma$ has a much larger quantum defect than $nd\pi$ and $nd\sigma$. The systematics has been applied to $CO, N_{2}$, and $O_{2}$ and a number of new Rydberg series have been found and others have been reinterpreted.

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