Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of Sorbitan Monooleate (Span80) in poly( l-lactide-co-ɛ-caprolactone) (PLLACL) nanofibers from emulsion electrospinning. The hypothesis was that PLLACL/Span80 nanofibrous mats would have some Span80 on the surface of the composite nanofibers. To test the hypothesis, the electrospinning of emulsions made of PLLACL, chloroform, Span80, and distilled water to prepare PLLACL/Span80 nanofibers was systematically investigated. The morphology of PLLACL/Span80 nanofibers was investigated by atomic force microscopy. The surface hydrophilicity of the nanofibrous mats were examined by water contact angle test. The distribution of Span80 on the surface of nanofibrous mats was also confirmed by the performance of pig iliac endothelium cells on the nanofibrous mats.