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Characterisation of pathogenic and molecular diversity in Sclerospora graminicola, the causal agent of pearl millet downy mildew

Taylor & Francis
Publication Date
  • Millets
  • Medicine


Genotypic diversity among 46 isolates of Sclerospora graminicola collected from seven states in India during 1992–2005 was determined through pathotyping and AFLP analysis. A high level of variation was observed among the isolates for downy mildew incidence, latent period and virulence index. Based on the reaction on a set of nine pearl millet lines, 46 isolates were classified in 21 pathotypes. Quantitative differences in virulence levels of the test isolates were assessed by calculating the virulence index (disease incidence × latent period − 1). A dendrogram generated by the average linkage cluster analysis of virulence index clustered the 46 isolates into eight groups. Region-specific grouping of five isolates from Gujarat and six from Rajasthan was observed within two distinct groups. Temporal variation was also observed among the isolates collected from the same location and same host over the years. A total of 297 bands were scored following selective amplification with three primer combinations E-TT/M-CAG, E-AT/M-CAG and E-TG/M-CAT and all of them were polymorphic. Cluster analysis of AFLP data clustered the test isolates into seven groups. Analysis of molecular variance indicated that variation in the S. graminicola populations was largely due to differences among the isolates within the states

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