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Advantages and disadvantages of techniques used for wastewater treatment

Authors
  • Crini, Grégorio1
  • Lichtfouse, Eric2
  • 1 Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, Laboratoire Chrono-environnement, UMR 6249, UFR Sciences et Techniques, 16 Route de Gray, Besançon, 25000, France , Besançon (France)
  • 2 CEREGE, Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, IRD, INRA, Coll France, Aix-en-Provence, France , Aix-en-Provence (France)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Environmental Chemistry Letters
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Publication Date
Jul 31, 2018
Volume
17
Issue
1
Pages
145–155
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10311-018-0785-9
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

During the last 30 years, environmental issues about the chemical and biological contaminations of water have become a major concern for society, public authorities and the industry. Most domestic and industrial activities produce wastewaters containing undesirable toxic contaminants. In this context, a constant effort must be made to protect water resources. Current wastewater treatment methods involve a combination of physical, chemical and biological processes, and operations to remove insoluble particles and soluble contaminants from effluents. This article provides an overview of methods for wastewater treatment, and describes the advantages and disadvantages of available technologies.

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