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Advances in fMRI Real-Time Neurofeedback.

Authors
  • Watanabe, Takeo1
  • Sasaki, Yuka1
  • Shibata, Kazuhisa2
  • Kawato, Mitsuo3
  • 1 Department of Cognitive, Linguistic, and Psychological Sciences, Brown University, 190 Thayer Street, Providence, RI 02912, USA; Brain Information Communication Research Laboratory Group, Advanced Telecommunications Research Institutes International, 2-2-2 Hikaridai, Seika-cho, Soraku-gun, Kyoto 619-0288, Japan; Equal contributions. , (Japan)
  • 2 Brain Information Communication Research Laboratory Group, Advanced Telecommunications Research Institutes International, 2-2-2 Hikaridai, Seika-cho, Soraku-gun, Kyoto 619-0288, Japan; Graduate School of Informatics, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya-shi, Nagoya 464-0814, Japan; Equal contributions. , (Japan)
  • 3 Brain Information Communication Research Laboratory Group, Advanced Telecommunications Research Institutes International, 2-2-2 Hikaridai, Seika-cho, Soraku-gun, Kyoto 619-0288, Japan. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Japan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Trends in cognitive sciences
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2017
Volume
21
Issue
12
Pages
997–1010
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2017.09.010
PMID: 29031663
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) neurofeedback is a type of biofeedback in which real-time online fMRI signals are used to self-regulate brain function. Since its advent in 2003 significant progress has been made in fMRI neurofeedback techniques. Specifically, the use of implicit protocols, external rewards, multivariate analysis, and connectivity analysis has allowed neuroscientists to explore a possible causal involvement of modified brain activity in modified behavior. These techniques have also been integrated into groundbreaking new neurofeedback technologies, specifically decoded neurofeedback (DecNef) and functional connectivity-based neurofeedback (FCNef). By modulating neural activity and behavior, DecNef and FCNef have substantially advanced both basic and clinical research.

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