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Advanced or metastatic gastric cancer in elderly patients: clinicopathological, prognostic factors and treatments

Authors
  • Lu, Z.1
  • Lu, M.1
  • Zhang, X.1
  • Li, J.1
  • Zhou, J.1
  • Gong, J.1
  • Gao, J.1
  • Li, J.1
  • Zhang, X.1
  • Li, Y.1
  • Shen, L.1
  • 1 Peking University School of Oncology, Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Department of GI Oncology, Beijing Cancer Hospital and Institute, Beijing, 100142, China , Beijing (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Clinical & Translational Oncology
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Oct 02, 2012
Volume
15
Issue
5
Pages
376–383
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s12094-012-0938-4
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

PurposeTo analyze the clinicopathological features, prognostic factors, treatment efficacy and safety among elderly patients with advanced or metastatic gastric cancer.MethodsThree hundred and nineteen patients aged 65 years and older, diagnosed with advanced or metastatic gastric cancer, were followed and data were retrospectively collected, reviewed and analyzed.ResultsThe elderly patients carried specific clinicopathological characteristics. Body mass index (BMI), number of metastatic lesions, ascites, Karnofsky performance score (KPS), tumor differentiation grade, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level, local treatment, and chemotherapy were the independent prognostic factors. Serum LDH level was superior to the serum CEA level in the prognosis of advanced or metastatic gastric cancer in older patients. Cisplatin-based regimen, chemotherapy cycles, metastatic lesions, LDH level, and supraclavicular lymph node metastasis were the independent prognostic factors in 220 patients receiving chemotherapy. The toxicity was mild and tolerable.ConclusionKPS, BMI and a well-differentiated histopathology were factors favoring longer survival, whereas elevated serum LDH and a greater number of metastatic lesions were associated with poor prognosis among those elderly patients. Cisplatin-based chemotherapy provided survival benefits and mild toxicity.

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