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Advanced agricultural biotechnologies and sustainable agriculture.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Trends in Biotechnology
0167-7799
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
20
Issue
5
Pages
193–196
Identifiers
PMID: 11943373
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Agricultural biotechnologies are anchored to a scientific paradigm rooted in experimental biology, whereas sustainable agriculture rests on a biological paradigm that is best described as ecological. Both biotechnology and sustainable agriculture are associated with particular social science paradigms: biotechnology has its foundation in neoclassical economics, but sustainability is framed by an emerging community-centered, problem-solving perspective. Fundamentally, biotechnology and neoclassical economics are reductionist in nature. Sustainability and community problem-solving, however, are nonreductionist. Given these differences, we might see the development of two rather distinct systems of food production in the near future.

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