We aimed to determine if knees with incident accelerated knee osteoarthritis (AKOA) were more likely to receive a knee replacement (KR) than those with common knee osteoarthritis (KOA) or no KOA. We conducted a nested cohort study using data from baseline and the first 9 years of the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI). Eligible knees had no radiographic KOA at baseline (Kellgren-Lawrence [KL] < 2). We classified 3 groups using KL grades from the first 8 years of the OAI: 1) AKOA: knee progressed to advance-stage KOA (KL 3/4) in ≤ 4 years, 2) common KOA: knee increased in KL grade (excluding AKOA), and 3) No KOA: no change in KL grade by 8 years. The outcome was a KR (partial or total) at or before the 9-year OAI visit. We conducted a logistic regression with generalized linear mixed model and adjusted for age, body mass index, and sex. Overall, 14% of knees with AKOA received a KR by the 9th year compared with 1% and < 1% of those with common or no KOA, respectively. Knees that developed AKOA were > 80x and ~ 25x more likely to receive a KR than knees with no KOA or incident common KOA (adjusted odds ratio = 25.08; 95% confidence interval = 9.63-65.34). In conclusion, approximately 1 in 7 knees that develop AKOA received a KR; however, KRs were rare in the OAI among other knees with no radiographic KOA at baseline. Urgent steps are needed to identify adults at high-risk for AKOA and develop prevention strategies regarding the modifiable risk factors.