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Adult Manifestation of Milder Forms of Autism Spectrum Disorder; Autistic and Non-autistic Psychopathology

Authors
  • Horwitz, E. H.1, 2, 3
  • Schoevers, R. A.1, 2
  • Greaves-Lord, K.4
  • de Bildt, A.1, 2
  • Hartman, C. A.1, 2
  • 1 University of Groningen,
  • 2 University Medical Center Groningen, University Psychiatric Center,
  • 3 Present Address: GGZ Friesland,
  • 4 Lentis Mental Health, Groningen, The Netherlands
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Feb 12, 2020
Volume
50
Issue
8
Pages
2973–2986
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10803-020-04403-9
PMID: 32052317
PMCID: PMC7374470
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

We compared the presence of autistic and comorbid psychopathology and functional impairments in young adults who received a clinical diagnosis of Pervasive Developmental Disorders Not Otherwise Specified or Asperger’s Disorder during childhood to that of a referred comparison group. While the Autism Spectrum Disorder group on average scored higher on a dimensional ASD self- and other-report measure than clinical controls, the majority did not exceed the ASD cutoff according to the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule. Part of the individuals with an ASD diagnosis in their youth no longer show behaviors that underscribe a clinical ASD diagnosis in adulthood, but have subtle difficulties in social functioning and a vulnerability for a range of other psychiatric disorders.

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