Affordable Access

Access to the full text

Adsorption of phosphate on magnetite-enriched particles (MEP) separated from the mill scale

Authors
  • Shahid, Muhammad Kashif
  • Kim, Yunjung
  • Choi, Young-Gyun
Type
Published Article
Journal
Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering
Publisher
Higher Education Press
Publication Date
Aug 09, 2019
Volume
13
Issue
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11783-019-1151-2
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Phosphate is a major pollutant in water, causing serious environmental and health consequences. In present study, the phosphate adsorption on novel magnetite-enriched particles (MEP) was comprehensively investigated. A new method and device were introduced for the separation of MEP from the mill scale at low magnetic intensity. Particles were characterized with different techniques such as XRD, XRF, SEM and EDS. The XRD and XRF analysis of MEP identified the dominant existence of crystalline magnetite. Furthermore, the morphological analysis of MEP confirmed the agglomerate porous morphology of magnetite. Oxygen and iron, the main constituents of magnetite were acknowledged during the elemental analysis using EDS. The phosphate adsorption on MEP is well explained using various isotherm and kinetic models, exhibiting the monolayer adsorption of phosphate on the surface of MEP. The maximum adsorption capacity was determined 6.41 mg/g. Based on particle size (45-75 and 75-150 μm) and empty bed contact time (1 and 2 h), four columns were operated for 54 days. MEP were appeared successful to remove all phosphate concentration from the column influent having 2 mg/L concentration. The operated column reactors were successfully regenerated with alkaline solution. The results indicated potential for practical application of the MEP for phosphate removal.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times