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ADP-ribosylation of the Mr 83,000 stress-inducible and glucose-regulated protein in avian and mammalian cells: modulation by heat shock and glucose starvation.

  • L Carlsson
  • E Lazarides
Publication Date
Aug 01, 1983
  • Biology


ADP-ribosylation of proteins was analyzed by in vivo labeling of cells with [3H]adenosine, followed by separation of their protein components by two-dimensional isoelectric focusing/NaDodSO4 polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. We show here that in several cell types of avian and mammalian origin the major [34H]adenosine acceptor in vivo is a polypeptide with a Mr of 83,000 and isoelectric point of approximately equal to 5.3. This polypeptide is identical to one of the stress-inducible and glucose-regulated proteins (here called SP83) previously described in avian and mammalian cells. Snake venom phosphodiesterase digestion of purified 3H-labeled SP83 releases 5'-AMP and a minor fraction of 2'-(5"-phosphoribosyl)-5-AMP. In vitro labeling with [32P]NAD+ of total cell lysates made in the presence of non-ionic detergents also results in incorporation of radioactivity into SP83. Both of these results strongly suggest that the modification is an ADP-ribosylation. Heat shock and glucose starvation of cells induce a rapid and extensive decrease in the incorporation of ADP-ribose into SP83, suggesting that ADP-ribosylation may be important for the regulation of the function of this protein.

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