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Adolescents' dietary polyphenol intake in relation to serum total antioxidant capacity: the HELENA study.

Authors
  • Wisnuwardani, Ratih W1, 2
  • De Henauw, Stefaan1
  • Forsner, Maria3, 4
  • Gottrand, Frédéric5, 6
  • Huybrechts, Inge1, 6
  • Kafatos, Antonios G7
  • Kersting, Mathilde8
  • Knaze, Viktoria6
  • Manios, Yannis9
  • Nova, Esther10
  • Molnár, Dénes11
  • Rothwell, Joseph A6
  • Scalbert, Augustin6
  • Sette, Stefania12
  • Widhalm, Kurt13
  • Moreno, Luis A14
  • Michels, Nathalie1
  • 1 Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. , (Belgium)
  • 2 Faculty of Public Health, Mulawarman University, Samarinda, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. , (Indonesia)
  • 3 Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 4 School of Education, Health and Social Sciences, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 5 CHU Lille, Inserm U995, Univ. Lille, Lille, France. , (France)
  • 6 International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon Cedex 08, France. , (France)
  • 7 Clinic of Nutrition and Disease Prevention, School of Medicine, University of Crete, Crete, Greece. , (Greece)
  • 8 Research Department of Child Nutrition, Pediatric University Clinic, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 9 Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece. , (Greece)
  • 10 Department of Metabolism & Nutrition, Immunonutrition Research Group, Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition, Madrid, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 11 Departments of Pediatrics, Medical School, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary. , (Hungary)
  • 12 CREA Research Centre for Food and Nutrition, Rome, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 13 Department of Pediatric, Division of Clinical Nutrition, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. , (Austria)
  • 14 Faculty of Health Science, GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain. , (Spain)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International journal of food sciences and nutrition
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2022
Volume
73
Issue
1
Pages
71–81
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/09637486.2021.1910631
PMID: 33858286
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

We evaluated the association between intake of total polyphenols, polyphenol classes and the 10 most consumed individual polyphenols with serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in 749 European adolescents (53% girls; 15% overweight; 12.5-17.5 years-old) from the cross-sectional HELENA study of 2006-2007. Dietary polyphenol intake was calculated from two non-consecutive 24-h recalls matched with the Phenol-Explorer database. Multilevel linear models examined the associations between dietary polyphenols and TAC. Polyphenol intake was rather low (median = 321mg/day; p25 = 158; p75 = 536) and TAC was comparable to other literature findings (median = 1.57 mmol/L; p25 = 1.45; p75 = 1.74). Total polyphenol intake, polyphenol classes and the top 10 compounds were not associated with TAC in a linear, quadratic or cubic way in partially or fully confounder-adjusted models. A direct anti-oxidative effect of dietary polyphenol intake was not observed in European adolescents. Polyphenol biomarkers and additional antioxidant measures are needed in future prospective studies to confirm these results.

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