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Adnexal masses characterized on 3 tesla magnetic resonance imaging – added value of diffusion techniques

Authors
  • Dimova, Julia1
  • Zlatareva, Dora1
  • Bakalova, Rumiana2, 3, 4
  • Aoki, Ichio3, 4
  • Hadjidekov, George2, 5
  • 1 Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Medical University, Bulgaria , (Bulgaria)
  • 2 Department of Physics, Biophysics and Radiology, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Bulgaria , (Bulgaria)
  • 3 Department of Molecular Imaging and Theranostics, Japan , (Japan)
  • 4 Group of Quantum-state Controlled MRI, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST/ NIRS), Japan , (Japan)
  • 5 Department of Radiology, University Hospital “Lozenetz”, Bulgaria , (Bulgaria)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Radiology and Oncology
Publisher
Sciendo
Publication Date
Oct 21, 2020
Volume
54
Issue
4
Pages
419–428
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2478/raon-2020-0061
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Background To assess different types of adnexal masses as identified by 3T MRI and to discuss the added value of diffusion techniques compared with conventional sequences. Patients and methods 174 women age between 13 and 87 underwent an MRI examination of the pelvis for a period of three years. Patients were examined in two radiology departments – 135 of them on 3 Tesla MRI Siemens Verio and 39 on 3 Tesla MRI Philips Ingenia. At least one adnexal mass was diagnosed in 98 patients and they are subject to this study. Some of them were reviewed retrospectively. Data from patients’ history, physical examination and laboratory tests were reviewed as well. Results 124 ovarian masses in 98 females’ group of average age 47.2 years were detected. Following the MRI criteria, 59.2% of the cases were considered benign, 30.6% malignant and 10.2% borderline. Out of all masses 58.1% were classified as cystic, 12.9% as solid and 29% as mixed. Оf histologically proven tumors 74.4% were benign and 25.6% were malignant. All of the malignant tumors had restricted diffusion. 64 out of all patients underwent contrast enhancement. (34 there were a subject of contraindications). 39 (61%) of the masses showed contrast enhancement. Conclusions Classifying adnexal masses is essential for the preoperative management of the patients. 3T MRI protocols, in particular diffusion techniques, increase significantly the accuracy of the diagnostic assessment.

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