Adipose tissue is a regulated source of interleukin-10.
Laboratory of Molecular Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Geneva Medical School, rue Michel Servet 1, CH-1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland.
- Published Article
- Publication Date
Mar 21, 2005
White adipose tissue (WAT) is the source of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and we have recently shown that this tissue is a major source of the anti-inflammatory interleukin (IL)-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra). We now aimed at identifying additional adipose-derived cytokines, which might serve as regulators of IL-1Ra. We demonstrate here for the first time that the antiinflammatory cytokine IL-10 is secreted by human WAT explants and that it is up-regulated by LPS and TNF-alpha in vitro, as well as in obesity in humans (2- and 6-fold increase in subcutaneous and visceral WAT, respectively) and rodents (4-fold increase).
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The corresponding record at NLM can be accessed at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15749027