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Adherence to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and risk of total and cause-specific mortality: results from the Golestan Cohort Study.

Authors
  • Mokhtari, Zeinab1
  • Sharafkhah, Maryam1
  • Poustchi, Hossein2
  • Sepanlou, Sadaf G3
  • Khoshnia, Masoud1, 4
  • Gharavi, Abdolsamad1, 4
  • Sohrabpour, Amir Ali2
  • Sotoudeh, Masoud1, 2, 3
  • Dawsey, Sanford M5
  • Boffetta, Paolo6
  • Abnet, Christian C5
  • Kamangar, Farin1, 7
  • Etemadi, Arash1, 5
  • Pourshams, Akram1
  • FazeltabarMalekshah, Akbar1
  • Islami, Farhad1, 8
  • Brennan, Paul9
  • Malekzadeh, Reza1
  • Hekmatdoost, Azita10, 11
  • 1 Digestive Oncology Research Center, Digestive Diseases Research Institute, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 2 Liver and Pancreaticobiliary Disease Research Center, Digestive Diseases Research Institute, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 3 Digestive Diseases Research Center, Digestive Diseases Research Institute, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 4 Golestan Research Center of Gasteroenterology and Hepatology (GRCGH), Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 5 Metabolic Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA.
  • 6 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.
  • 7 Department of Biology, School of Computer, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences, Morgan State University, Baltimore, MD, USA.
  • 8 Surveillance and Health Services Research, American Cancer Society Atlanta, GA, USA.
  • 9 Genetic Epidemiology Group, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC/WHO), Lyon, France. , (France)
  • 10 Departments of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 11 Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, UBC, BC, Canada. , (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Journal of Epidemiology
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2019
Volume
48
Issue
6
Pages
1824–1838
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyz079
PMID: 31056682
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

To evaluate the association between adherence to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and overall and cause-specific mortality in the Golestan Cohort Study (GCS). A total of 50 045 participants aged 40 years or older were recruited from Golestan Province, Iran, from 2004 to 2008 and followed for a mean of 10.64 years. The DASH diet score was calculated for each individual based on food groups. The primary outcome measure was death from any cause. During 517 326 person-years of follow-up, 6763 deaths were reported. After adjustment for potential confounders, DASH diet score was inversely associated with risk of death from all causes and cancers [hazard ratio (HR): 0.86; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.75, 0.98; and HR: 0.65; 95% CI: 0.47, 0.90, respectively]. A higher DASH diet score was associated with lower risk of gastrointestinal cancer mortality in men (HR: 0.55; 95% CI: 0.30, 0.99). A greater adherence to DASH diet was also associated with lower other-cancer mortality in women (HR: 0.50; 95% CI: 0.24, 0.99). No association between DASH diet score and cardiovascular disease mortality was observed, except that those dying of cardiovascular disease were younger than 50 years of age and smokers. Our findings suggest that maintaining a diet similar to the DASH diet is independently associated with reducing the risk of total death, cancers, and especially gastrointestinal cancers in men. © The Author(s) 2019; all rights reserved. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Epidemiological Association.

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