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ADHD Symptoms Increased During the Covid-19 Pandemic: A Meta-Analysis

Authors
  • Rogers, Maria A.1
  • MacLean, Jaidon2
  • 1 Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, Canada
  • 2 University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Attention Disorders
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Mar 06, 2023
Volume
27
Issue
8
Pages
800–811
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/10870547231158750
PMID: 36879524
PMCID: PMC9996113
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Practical Meta-Analyses
License
Unknown

Abstract

Objective: Emerging research suggests that the Covid-19 pandemic has disproportionately and adversely affected children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The purpose of this meta-analysis is to consolidate the findings from studies that examined changes in ADHD symptoms from before to during the pandemic. Method: Database searches of PsycINFO, ERIC, PubMed, and ProQuest were used to identify relevant studies, theses, and dissertations. Results: A total of 18 studies met specific inclusion criteria and were coded based on various study characteristics. Twelve studies examined ADHD symptoms longitudinally and six studies assessed ADHD symptoms retroactively and during the pandemic. Data from 6,491 participants from 10 countries were included. Results indicated that many children and/or their caregivers reported an increase in child ADHD symptoms during the Covid-19 pandemic. Conclusions: This review points to a global increase in ADHD symptoms and has implications for the prevalence and management of ADHD during the post-pandemic recovery.

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