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Epidemiologic investigation of 1394 feet: Coincidence of hindfoot malalignment and Achilles tendon disorders

Authors
Journal
Foot and Ankle Surgery
1268-7731
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
18
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.fas.2011.04.007
Keywords
  • Achilles Tendinopathy
  • Hindfoot Malalignment
  • Epidemiologic Investigation
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract Background The aim of this epidemiologic study was to evaluate the incidence of the Achilles tendinopathy in non athletes and the coincidence with varus alignment of the hindfoot. Methods Six hundred ninety-seven patients (1394 feet) have been analysed. The tibiocalcaneal axis was goniometrically measured. The presence of a non insertional and insertional Achilles tendinopathy was clinically determined. Results Achilles tendinopathy was found in 5.6% of the patients (4% insertional, 3.6% non insertional, 1.9% both forms). The average tibiocalcaneal angle was calculated with −0.76° for the tendinopathy group and −0.96° for the insertional tendinopathy whereas the control group showed an average angle of 1.77°. For the total group the average tibiocalcaneal axis was calculated with 1.62°. Out of 1394 feet 38.3% showed a varus axis of the hindfoot and 61.7% a valgus alignment. Conclusions The coincidence of varus alignment and Achilles tendinopathy could be validated.

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