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Additive and inhibitory effects of simultaneous treatment with growth factors on DNA synthesis through MAPK pathway and G1 cyclins in rat hepatocytes.

Authors
  • 1
  • 1 Department of Internal Medicine II, Miyazaki Medical College, 5200 Kihara, Kiyotake, Miyazaki 889-1692, Japan. , (Japan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochemical and biophysical research communications
Publication Date
Volume
280
Issue
1
Pages
368–373
Identifiers
PMID: 11162525
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Several growth factors play an important role in liver regeneration. Once hepatic injury occurs, liver regeneration is stimulated by hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), transforming growth factor (TGF)-alpha, and heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF), whereas TGF-beta1 terminates liver regeneration. In this study, we analyzed the effect of a combination of HGF and epidermal growth factor (EGF) on mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activity and G1 cyclin expression in primary cultured rat hepatocytes. Treatment with a combination of HGF and EGF, in comparison with that of either HGF or EGF, induced tyrosine phosphorylation of both c-Met and EGF receptor (EGFR) independently and additively stimulated MAPK activity and cyclin D1 expression, resulting in additive stimulation of DNA synthesis. On the other hand, although TGF-beta1 treatment did not affect tyrosine phosphorylation of c-Met and EGFR, MAPK activity, and cyclin D1 expression, which were stimulated by HGF and EGF, DNA synthesis was completely inhibited through a marked decrease in cyclin E expression. These results indicate that potent mitogens, such as HGF, TGF-alpha, and HB-EGF, could induce the additive enhancement of liver regeneration cooperatively through an increase in Ras/MAPK activity followed by cyclin D1 expression, and that TGF-beta1 suppresses the growth factor-induced signals between cyclin D1 and cyclin E, resulting in the inhibition of DNA synthesis.

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