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Text skimming: the process and effectiveness of foraging through text under time pressure



Microsoft Word - Duggan Payne JEPA 2009 Duggan, G. B. and Payne, S. J. (2009) Text skimming: the process and effectiveness of foraging through text under time pressure. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 15 (3). pp. 228-242. ISSN 1076-898X Link to official URL (if available): Opus: University of Bath Online Publication Store This version is made available in accordance with publisher policies. Please cite only the published version using the reference above. See for usage policies. Please scroll down to view the document. Text Skimming 1 Running head: TEXT SKIMMING Text Skimming: The Process and Effectiveness of Foraging Through Text under Time Pressure. Geoffrey B. Duggan and Stephen J. Payne University of Bath Bath, United Kingdom Correspondence concerning this article should be sent to: Geoffrey Duggan, Department of Computer Science, University of Bath, Bath, BA2 7AY, UK. Email: [email protected] Text Skimming 2 Abstract Is skim reading effective? How do readers allocate their attention selectively? We report three experiments that use expository texts and allow readers only enough time to read half of each document. Experiment 1 found that, relative to reading half the text, skimming improved memory for important ideas from a text but did not improve memory of less important details or of inferences made from information within the text. Experiment 2 found no advantage of skimming over reading the first or second half of every paragraph. Two final experiments using a hierarchical, website-like layout of documents showed that advantage of skimming found in Experiment 1 was dependent on the linkages between pages and, thus, the ease with which participants could navigate through the text. Data on page-by-page reading time

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