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Adaptive color feature extraction based on image color distributions.

Authors
  • Chen, Wei-Ta
  • Liu, Wei-Chuan
  • Chen, Ming-Syan
Type
Published Article
Journal
IEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Publisher
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2010
Volume
19
Issue
8
Pages
2005–2016
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1109/TIP.2010.2051753
PMID: 20519153
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

This paper proposes an adaptive color feature extraction scheme by considering the color distribution of an image. Based on the binary quaternion-moment-preserving (BQMP) thresholding technique, the proposed extraction methods, fixed cardinality (FC) and variable cardinality (VC), are able to extract color features by preserving the color distribution of an image up to the third moment and to substantially reduce the distortion incurred in the extraction process. In addition to utilizing the earth mover's distance (EMD) as the distance measure of our color features, we also devise an efficient and effective distance measure, comparing histograms by clustering (CHIC). Moreover, the efficient implementation of our extraction methods is explored. With slight modification of the BQMP algorithm, our extraction methods are equipped with the capability of exploiting the concurrent property of hardware implementation. The experimental results show that our hardware implementation can achieve approximately a second order of magnitude improvement over the software implementation. It is noted that minimizing the distortion incurred in the extraction process can enhance the accuracy of the subsequent various image applications, and we evaluate the meaningfulness of the new extraction methods by the application to content-based image retrieval (CBIR). Our experimental results show that the proposed extraction methods can enhance the average retrieval precision rate by a factor of 25% over that of a traditional color feature extraction method.

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