The "A disintegrin and metalloprotease" (ADAM) family is thought to play an important role in tissue destruction and inflammatory reactions. ADAM-17 was first described as the protease responsible for tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α shedding. Here, we have shown the expression of ADAM-17 in inflammatory myopathy and demonstrated the role of inflammation in interstitial lung diseases (ILD). ADAM-17 in inflammatory myopathy serum [polymyositis (n = 26), dermatomyositis (n = 34), and clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis (n = 10)] and healthy control (n = 19) was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The relationship between ADAM-17 and clinical data was examined. Finally, we performed immunohistological analysis to investigate the expression of ADAM-17 on the muscles of the inflammatory myopathy patients. ADAM-17 in inflammatory myopathy was significantly higher than that in healthy control (mean ± SEM, 1048 ± 312 and 36 ± 18 pg/ml, respectively; p < 0.05). ADAM-17 in post-treatment with corticosteroid and/or immunosuppressant serum was significantly decreased compared with that in pre-treatment serum (1465 ± 562 and 1059 ± 503 pg/ml, respectively; p < 0.01). ADAM-17 was significantly positively correlated with fractalkine/CX3CL1 and CXCL16. In addition, ADAM-17 in inflammatory myopathy with ILD patients (n = 46) was significantly higher than that in non-ILD patients (n = 24) (1379 ± 454 and 413 ± 226 pg/ml, respectively; p < 0.05). We found the expression of ADAM-17 on muscle biopsy tissue. ADAM-17 is expressed in inflammatory myopathies especially ILD, suggesting that ADAM-17 plays a role in lung fibrosis. ADAM-17 may be a potential target in inflammatory myopathies with ILD.