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Agglomeration Economies and the Location of Industries: A comparison of Three small European Countries

Publication Date
  • R12 - Size And Spatial Distributions Of Regional Economic Activity
  • R11 - Regional Economic Activity: Growth
  • Development
  • Environmental Issues
  • And Changes


We investigate and compare the spatial distribution of manufacturing activity and its determinants in Belgium, Ireland, and Portugal using comparable, exhaustive micro-level data sets. We find some similarities between Portugal and Belgium, but little for Ireland. Moreover, there is some evidence that forward and backward linkages as well as dependence on natural advantages can be important determinants of agglomeration.

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