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Characteristics of the JT-60 divertor and limiter plasmas with high power auxiliary heating

Journal of Nuclear Materials
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/0022-3115(89)90260-2
  • High Power Heating
  • Divertor Functions
  • Tic-Mo Wall
  • High Current
  • High Density Plasmas
  • Graphite Wall
  • Chemistry


Abstract Essential divertor functions — density and energy control — have been investigated in the JT-60 divertor with metal walls. Neutral pressure in the divertor chamber increases in proportion to n ̄ 2 e and high recycling state for particle exhaust is realized. At n e ≤ 6 × 10 19 m −3 , wall pumping by the divertor plates is dominant in particle exhaust. However, at n ̄ e ≥ 6 × 10 19 m −3 , particle exhaust by active divertor pumping systems becomes essential. Because of the effectiveness of the divertor, radiation loss in the main plasma is reduced to 5–10% of the absorbed power and impurity concentrations are significantly suppressed at very low level ( Z eff = 1.5-2.0). In the experiments with graphite walls, short periods of H-mode phases were found in the outside X-point divertor discharges although improvement in energy confinement is limited to within 10%. In limiter discharges, combination of high vessel temperature (210–300 °C) and low current limiter discharges (1.5 MA) without gas puffing is effective as a wall conditioning in obtaining reproducible high density discharges. The maximum parameters, I p = 3.2 MA, n ̄ e = 1.2 × 10 20 m −3 , q eff = 2.2 at B t = 4.8T, a Murakami parameter of 7.5, and a stored energy of 3.1 MJ have been attained. The maximum density is limited by the occurence of the MARFE. During high power neutral beam heating, enhanced carbon influx was observed possibly due to chemical sputtering. The wall pumping by the inner wall is still effective in decreasing the electron density from the high density region of n ̄ e ~ 1 × 10 20 m −3 . An empirical energy confinement scaling of JT-60 has been drawn in terms of an offset linear function as τ E = 0.19 I 1.9 P P abs + 0.062 a 1.8 p

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