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Leptin transgene expression in the hypothalamus enforces euglycemia in diabetic, insulin-deficient nonobese Akita mice and leptin-deficient obeseob/obmice

Authors
Journal
Peptides
0196-9781
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
27
Issue
9
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.peptides.2006.03.006
Keywords
  • Gene Therapy
  • Leptin
  • Hypothalamus
  • Euglycemia
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract We have tested the hypothesis that sustained leptin action in the hypothalamus alone can engender and maintain euglycemia in wild type mice and in two monogenic diabetic models, the insulin-deficient nonobese Akita mice and the hyperinsulinemic leptin-deficient obese, ob/ ob mice. A single intracerebroventricular injection of recombinant adeno-associated virus vector encoding leptin (rAAV-lep) enhanced leptin transgene expression in the hypothalamus without any evidence of leptin leakage to the peripheral circulation, and promptly reinstated euglycemia that persisted along with severe insulinopenia in all three genotypes through the 7-week period of observation. A comparative evaluation of known etiologic factors of hyperglycemia showed that this long-term benefit on glucose homeostasis was not due to diminished energy consumption, weight and adiposity, but was conferred by at least two mechanisms operating simultaneously, enhanced glucose metabolism to meet the demand for the rAAV-lep induced increased non-shivering thermogenesis mediated by brown adipose tissue and insulin hypersensitivity. These findings endorse the hypothesis that increased leptin action locally in the hypothalamus can impose euglycemia independent of pancreatic insulin, and central leptin reinforcement may serve as a newer adjunct therapy to treat type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

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