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Effect of CTAB as a foaming agent on the properties of alumina ceramic membranes

Authors
Journal
Ceramics International
0272-8842
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
40
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2013.10.106
Keywords
  • Sintering
  • Ceramic Membrane
  • Gelcasting
  • Foaming Agent
  • Mechanical Property

Abstract

Abstract Alumina-ceramic membranes were prepared by gelcasting process using CTAB as a foaming agent. To increase the fineness, the starting alumina powder was milled for 1h in a ball mill before the casting process. Particle size distribution and surface area measurements of the as-received and milled alumina powder were examined. The casted alumina membranes were sintered at 1500°C. Sintering parameters in terms of bulk density (BD) and apparent porosity (AP) were determined by the Archimedes method. Pore size distribution of the sintered porous alumina membranes was measured using mercury porosimeter. Microstructure of sintered membranes was investigated by scanning electron microscope (SEM). Cold crushing strength (CCS) of the sintered specimens was also evaluated. The result revealed that the properties of porous ceramics such as porosity, average pore size, pore size distribution and cold crushing strength could be controlled by adjusting the preparation conditions e.g. solid loading, sintering temperature and foaming agent. The open porosity, cold crushing strength and average pore size of the alumina ceramics sintered at 1500°C were around 58.35%, 18MPa and178nm, respectively.

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