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Acute kidney injury after procedures of orthotopic liver transplantation.

Authors
  • Lewandowska, Lidia1
  • Matuszkiewicz-Rowinska, Joanna
  • 1 Department and Clinic of Nephrology, Dialysis and Internal Diseases, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland. , (Poland)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Annals of transplantation
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2011
Volume
16
Issue
2
Pages
103–108
Identifiers
PMID: 21716193
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) ranges from 40 to 70%, with 8-17% of these patients requiring renal replacement therapy. The aetiology of this syndrome is multi-factorial, and its most common cause is ischaemia in the early postoperative period, and toxicity of immunosuppressive drugs and infectious complications at long term. AKI significantly increases the risk of death and development of chronic renal failure in the late post-OLT period. We discussed in short in our work the risk factors of AKI, diagnostics and clinical management in this group of patients.

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