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[Acute drug-induced pancreatitis].

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift
Publication Date
Volume
115
Issue
25
Pages
850–858
Identifiers
PMID: 3927479
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

93 publications concerning drug-induced pancreatitis are reviewed. A confirmed causal relationship between drug and acute pancreatitis so far exists only for 8 compounds: azathioprine, chlorothiazide, furosemide, sulfonamides, tetracycline, estrogens, valproic acid and L-asparaginase. There is less convincing, but still suggestive, evidence for a causal relationship with 5 other drugs, namely: corticosteroids, chlorthalidone, ethacrynic acid, phenformin and iatrogenic hypercalcemia. Due to inadequate or contradictory evidence, the link between a number of additional drugs and acute pancreatitis is considered possible, conditional or doubtful. Finally, the scant literature concerning the pathogenesis and histological lesions of drug-induced pancreatitis is briefly reviewed.

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