We are presenting a case of a young woman with sudden onset of heart failure and several episodes of syncope, after a prolonged labor. The findings at physical examination suggested the diagnosis of acute aortic insufficiency, that was confirmed by cardiac catheterization. At surgery, the aortic valve showed a round perforation in the non coronary cusp. Pathological examination of the valve showed no significant abnormality. We conclude that the stress of labor was the cause of the rupture of a previously normal aortic valve.