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Activity and stability of a new sweet protein with taste-modifying action, curculin.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Chemical Senses
0379-864X
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Publication Date
Volume
20
Issue
2
Pages
239–243
Identifiers
PMID: 7583017
Source
Medline

Abstract

Curculin elicited a sweet taste. After the sweetness of curculin diminished, application of deionized water or an acid to the tongue induced a sweet taste. The maximum sweetness of curculin itself was equivalent to the sweetness of 0.35 M sucrose. The maximum sweetness induced by 0.02 M citric acid or deionized water after curculin dissolved in a buffer of pH 6.0 was held in mouth for 3 min was also equivalent to that of 0.35 M sucrose. The sweetness induced by deionized water was completely suppressed by the presence of 1 mM CaCl2 or MgCl2, while that induced by an acid was not suppressed by the presence of divalent cations. Based on these results, the mechanism of the taste-modifying activity was discussed. Stability of curculin was examined under various conditions. The taste-modifying activity of curculin was unchanged when curculin was incubated at 50 degrees C for 1 h between pH 3 and 11.

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