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Activity of interneurons mediating reciprocal 1a inhibition during locomotion.

Authors
  • Feldman, A G
  • Orlovsky, G N
Type
Published Article
Journal
Brain Research
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Feb 07, 1975
Volume
84
Issue
2
Pages
181–194
Identifiers
PMID: 1111829
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The activity of interneurons monosynaptically excited by 1a afferents and mediating the reciprocal inhibition of motoneurons of the antagonistic muscles was recorded in mesecephalic cats. The activity was resulted during locomotion evoked by stimulation of the "locomotor region" of the mesencephalon. The neurons turned out to be active in a definite phase of the step simultaneously with that muscle which supplied them by 1a afferent input. In preparations with de-efferent hindlimbs, stimulation of the "locomotor region" evoked a periodic process in the spinal cord ("fictive" locomotion); in this case bursts of activity in the interneurons also coincided with the activity of motoneurons of corresponding muscles. Under such conditions excitation of 1a afferents by the passive stretch of the muscle or by electric stimulation of the muscle nerve studied in an increase of the activity of interneurons, which depended on the phase of the cycle. The data obtained show that during locomotion there are at least two sources of inhibition of motoneurons of antagonistic muscles; (i) the activity of 1a afferents of the active muscle, mediating by corresponding interneurons; and (ii) signals coming through the same interneurons from the central mechanisms of generating stepping movements.

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