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[Activity of gamma-glutamyl transferase of sheep cerebral cortex with respect to amino acids and glutathione].

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochimie
0300-9084
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
60
Issue
1
Pages
17–23
Identifiers
PMID: 25678
Source
Medline

Abstract

gamma-glutamyl Transferase fron Sheep brain cortex capillaries was studied from the point of view of transport of aminoacids across blood brain barrier. Excess substrate inhibition was competitive and observed both with donor (glutathione) and various acceptors (methionine, alanine, tryptophan) but not with arginine. Excess glutathione inhibition of transfer reaction is concomitant with an increase of total reaction (transfer + hydrolysis + autotranspeptidation). With regard to aminoacids, the greater the K'm the stronger the inhibition. This inhibition is the result of formation of a dead complex. Lineweaver-Burk plots 1/v versus 1/[acceptor] give straight lines meeting at the same point, whereas 1/v verus 1/[donor] plots are roughly parallel for high aminoacid concentrations and become secant for the low ones. Replots of slopes vs. 1/[acceptor] are not linear: the lower the aminoacid affinity the more pronounced the slope replot curvature. Thus kinetic patterns are consistent with a branched ping-pong mechanism including a ternary complex (Enzyme-acceptor-H2O) at high or low relative concentration, which balances the two branches. The estimated value of kinetic parameters does not support the hypothesis of major implication of the enzyme in brain uptake of aminoacids.

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