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The activity of 25 paroxetine/femoxetine structure variants in various reactions, assumed to be important for the effect of antidepressants.

Authors
  • Plenge, P
  • Mellerup, E T
  • Honoré, T
  • Honoré, P L
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology
Publication Date
Nov 01, 1987
Volume
39
Issue
11
Pages
877–882
Identifiers
PMID: 2892909
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Structure-activity relationships for 25 structural variants around the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) uptake inhibitors paroxetine and femoxetine have been investigated. Three parameters related to the 5-HT system were investigated: (i) The inhibition of [3H]5-HT uptake into rat brain synaptosomes, (ii) the inhibition of [3H]paroxetine binding to rat neuronal membranes and (iii) the effect of the compounds on the affinity of [3H]imipramine for the human platelet membrane binding site, measured as the dissociation rate of the [3H]imipramine human platelet membrane binding site complex. A highly significant correlation was found for 5-HT uptake inhibition and inhibition of [3H]paroxetine binding for the different substances, indicating that the two parameters are closely connected. However the slope of the regression line was only 0.6 and not 1.0; this may indicate that [3H]paroxetine binding is necessary, but not sufficient for 5-HT uptake inhibition. No correlation was found between the inhibition of [3H]paroxetine binding and the affinity of the compounds for the [3H]imipramine binding site complex. The two binding sites are therefore probably situated on different parts of the 5-HT transport system, the [3H]paroxetine binding site being part of the 5-HT transport mechanism whereas the [3H]imipramine binding site may represent a site modulating the activity of, and affinity for, 5-HT in the 5-HT transport mechanism. Structure-activity relationships among the substances showed that stereochemical changes from (-)- to (+)-trans changed the activity towards both 5-HT uptake inhibition and [3H]paroxetine displacement for most of the (-)-/(+)-pairs. The substitution of -H with -F or -CH3 also affected the activity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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