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Activities of Lysosomal Enzymes in Alloxan-Induced Diabetes in the Mouse.

  • Witek, Bożena1
  • Rochon-Szmejchel, Danuta2
  • Stanisławska, Iwona3
  • Łyp, Marek4
  • Wróbel, Krzysztof5
  • Zapała, Arkadiusz6
  • Kamińska, Agnieszka7
  • Kołątaj, Adam4
  • 1 Department of Animal Physiology, Institute of Biology, The Jan Kochanowski University, Kielce, Poland. , (Poland)
  • 2 Dandiete Dietic Outpatient Clinic, Nowe Miasto Lubawskie, Poland. , (Poland)
  • 3 Department of Dietetics, College of Rehabilitation, 49 Kasprzaka Street, 01-234, Warsaw, Poland. [email protected] , (Poland)
  • 4 Department of Dietetics, College of Rehabilitation, 49 Kasprzaka Street, 01-234, Warsaw, Poland. , (Poland)
  • 5 NZOZ Expertdent, Non-Public Health Care Center, Kielce, Poland. , (Poland)
  • 6 Department of Urology, Regional Specialist Healthcare Center for Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Kielce, Poland. , (Poland)
  • 7 Faculty of Family Studies, The Cardinal Wyszyński University, Warsaw, Poland. , (Poland)
Published Article
Advances in experimental medicine and biology
Publication Date
Sep 14, 2017
DOI: 10.1007/5584_2017_102
PMID: 28905270


The study investigated a panel of lysosomal enzymes in the liver and kidney tissues in alloxan-induced diabetes in the mouse. The mice were divided into six experimental groups receiving 10% alloxan at a dose of 50 and 75 mg/kg over a period of four, eight, and twelve days; each group was compared with controls receiving 0.9% NaCl. The findings were that diabetes induced by both doses of alloxan was accompanied by significant increases in the lysosomal activities of acid phosphatase and the glycosidases investigated: β-glucuronidase, β-galactosidase, β-glucosidase, and N-acetyl-hexosaminidase. The lysosomal enzyme activity in both liver and kidney cells peaked 12 days after onset of diabetes for most enzymes, at the time when hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia already started abating after their peak at 8 days into the course of diabetes. The enzyme activity was in most cases higher with the higher dose of alloxan and thus higher level of glycemia. Lysosomal enzymes degrade glycoconjugates, the molecules that are present in the basement membrane of endothelial cells where they contribute to capillary wall stability. Thus, enhanced activity of these enzymes could presage the progression of diabetic microangiopathy, atherosclerosis, and the development of microvascular complications.

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