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Actitudes de médicos y enfermeras ante las actividades preventivas y de promoción en atención primaria

Authors
  • Ramos-Morcillo, Antonio Jesús
  • Ruzafa-Martínez, María
  • Fernández-Salazar, Serafín
  • del-Pino-Casado, Rafael
  • Barranco, David Armero1, 2, 3
  • 1 Facultad de Enfermería, Universidad de Murcia
  • 2 Hospital de Alta Resolución Sierra de Segura, Agencia Sanitaria Alto Guadalquivir
  • 3 Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Jaén
Type
Published Article
Journal
Atencion Primaria
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2014
Accepted Date
Feb 05, 2014
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.aprim.2014.02.002
Source
Elsevier
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

ObjectiveTo determine the attitudes of physicians and registered nurses in the Andalusian Public Health System towards preventive and health promotion (PHP) interventions in the context of Primary Health Care and the relationship with occupational variables and self-reported competence in PHP. DesignMulticenter, observational, descriptive study. LocationPrimary Health Care (PHC), Andalusia, Spain. ParticipantsA total of 282 professionals (physicians and nurses) from 22 Healthcare centers of the Andalusian public health system and who participated in the validation of CAPPAP were included. Principal measurementsThe attitude of physicians and registered nurses towards PHP activities consisted of five dimensions: improvements necessary, perception of peers attitude, importance, obstacles, and improvement opportunities. The validated CAPPAP questionnaire was used. Occupational variables and questions about self-reported competence in PHP were also included. ResultsAll dimensions of CAPPAP exceeded the midpoint of the scale (2.5), with their values varying between 3.06 (SD: 0.76) in “improvement necessary”, and 4.39 (SD: 0.49) in “importance”. The self-declared social, occupational, and competences variables have a statistically significant relationship with the dimensions of the attitude of the professionals except: job experience in PHC, training and implementation of scheduled PHP activities. ConclusionsThe attitudes of physicians and registered nurses towards PHP activities are acceptable, and work must be done to sustain it. Healthcare organizations should implement interventions adapted to different professional profiles. They should also increase activities to improve professional skills in order to provide the appropriate care.

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