During the past 10 years, 157 patients have been operated on at the New York University-Bellevue Medical Center for acoustic neuromas and other cerebellopontine angle tumors. We describe our diagnostic protocol with joint neurosurgical evaluation leading to either translabyrinthine (otology only) or suboccipital-transmeatal (combined otology-neurosurgery) surgery. The decision is made on the basis of tumor size, level of hearing, age, and health of the patient. Using these criteria, 105 suboccipital and 59 translabyrinthine operations were performed with eight patients having had two-stage operations. In 12 of 29 patients, hearing was successfully preserved. Of 18 patients with good hearing and extracanalicular tumors less than 2 cm, hearing was preserved in 11. We describe the surgical technique used in this suboccipital-transmeatal operation and present illustrative cases in detail.