Results indicated that AV7 showed a significant ability to induce chromosome aberrations, lipid peroxidation, and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory effect. The toxicity of AV7 increased significantly after static biodegradation with P. putida mt-2 and totally disappeared after shaken incubation. In addition, the toxicity generated by the pure azo dye and the corresponding azoreduction metabolites (4'-aminoacetanilide (4'-AA) and 5-acetamido-2-amino-1-hydroxy-3,6-naphtalene disulfonic acid (5-ANDS)) were compared. 4'-AA and 5-ANDS would be responsible of static biodegradation medium toxicity. The present study demonstrates that P. putida mt-2, incubated under aerobic condition, has a catabolism which enables it to degrade AV7, and especially to completely detoxify the dye mixture.