The transesterification reaction, and in particular the methanolysis of ethyl acetate with sulfuric acid as catalyst, is used as a model reaction to study the acid-catalyzed nucleophilic addition to a carbonyl group. Continuum solvation methods (SMD and IEF-PCM) and the MPWB1K functional are used. The reaction mechanism is studied in methanol and in acetonitrile as solvents. Our results indicate that the acid-catalyzed addition mechanism is stepwise, and the transition state (TS) is a contact ion-pair. The counteranion of the acid catalyst remains in the reaction site playing an important role in the TS of this reaction. Changes in the reaction kinetics and the ionic/nonionic nature of the TS with the ionizing ability of the solvent and the strength of the acid catalyst are explored. Additional calculations at the CBS-Q3 level of theory reinforce the conclusions of this paper. The results obtained allow the generalization of important ideas regarding the mechanism of the nucleophilic addition to carbonyl groups.