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The acetylation of the amino groups of Laticauda semifasciata III, a sea snake venom component.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of biochemistry
Publication Date
Volume
88
Issue
3
Pages
889–893
Identifiers
PMID: 7419526
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The amino groups of Laticauda semifasciata III (LsIII) purified from the venom of a sea snake, Laticauda semifasciata, were acetylated with acetic anhydride. Three monoacetyl derivatives of LsIII, namely, [1-N2-acetyl-arginine]-LsIII, [23-N6-acetyl-lysine]-LsIII and [35-N6-acetyl-lysine]-LsIII, were obtained. These monoacetyl derivatives of LsIII showed the same CD spectra as that of native LsIII. [1-N2-Acetyl-arginine]-LsIII was half as active as the original toxin suggesting the importance of the net positive charge of the toxin molecule for the toxicity. [23-N6-Acetyl-lysine]-LsIII and [35-N6-acetyl-lysine]-LsIII showed no toxicity. Lysine-23 is one of the residues common to all neurotoxins, whereas lysine-35 is one of the residues found specifically among long-chain neurotoxins, although there are some exceptional toxins without lysine-23 or lysine-35.

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