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Accuracy of intraoral radiography, multidetector helical CT, and limited cone-beam CT for the detection of horizontal tooth root fracture

Journal
Oral Surgery Oral Medicine Oral Pathology Oral Radiology and Endodontology
Publisher
Elsevier - Mosby
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2009
Volume
108
Issue
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.tripleo.2009.07.009
Disciplines
  • Design
  • Medicine
License
Unknown

Abstract

Objective The accuracies of intraoral radiography (IOR), multidetector helical computerized tomography (MDHCT) at slice thicknesses 0.63 mm and 1.25 mm, and limited cone-beam computerized tomography (LCBCT) were compared for detection of horizontal tooth root fracture. Study design In 7 beagle dogs, 28 maxillary anterior teeth were used, of which 13 had artificially induced horizontal root fracture. The specimens were examined by the above-mentioned 4 modalities. Diagnosis of root fracture was based on direct visualization of radiolucent line in each image by 6 radiologists. Results Sensitivity, negative predictive value, and diagnostic accuracy (true positives + true negatives) for detecting fracture lines in LCBCT (0.96 ± 0.04, 0.97 ± 0.03, 0.93 ± 0.04, respectively) were significantly higher than MDHCT at 0.63 mm (0.76 ± 0.09, 0.8 ± 0.05, 0.8 ± 0.05, respectively), MDHCT at 1.25 mm (0.49 ± 0.09, 0.66 ± 0.04, 0.69 ± 0.05, respectively), and IOR (0.51 ± 0.18, 0.67 ± 0.08, 0.69 ± 0.08, respectively). Specificity and positive predictive value showed no significant intermethod difference among the 4 modalities. Conclusion Limited cone-beam CT is more useful than the other 3 radiographic modalities for diagnostic imaging of horizontal tooth root fracture.

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