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Accumulation of phenols in isolated hepatocytes after pretreatment with methylglyoxal.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Toxicology Letters
0378-4274
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
58
Issue
2
Pages
181–191
Identifiers
PMID: 1949076
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The effects of a single intraperitoneal injection of methylglyoxal (50-800 mg/kg body wt.) in mice were investigated in the liver after 24 h. The administration of methylglyoxal (400 mg/kg body wt.) resulted in an increase in aniline hydroxylase activity in liver microsomes. At the same time an accumulation of p-amino-phenol, the hydroxylated product of aniline, was observed in isolated hepatocytes upon addition of aniline similarly to conditions (starvation, diabetes mellitus, pyrazole pretreatment) when aniline hydroxylase was induced. Methylglyoxal also decreased the reduced glutathione content in the liver, while the activity of serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase was increased, suggesting the onset of liver injuries. It is assumed that the increased oxidation of aniline hydroxylase combined with decreased glutathione levels after methylglyoxal treatment favours the formation of potentially hazardous phenol derivatives in the liver.

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